Despite these doubts raised about the efficacy of the participatory development, it is still a fact that stories of collective efforts towards economic betterment of society have been quite successful and are exemplary. The main criticisms of the counterdevelopment thesis are:.
So, for the participatory development to be successful there are certain preconditions. These are:. Post a Comment. Strengthening Your Knowledge. Tuesday, April 8, So it was an alternative approach to development propounded by social scientists.
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Its central focus is that people can develop themselves if provided suitable atmosphere rather than externally forced to develop. This is the theme of anti-development thesis. The conventional approach to development was accused often of being pro-capitalists and that the poor people figured last on its agenda while the counterdevelopment thesis had poor people as its central concern.
In several field experiences the success of this thesis has been tested. The trends which show the emergence of anti-development thesis are:. The term participation does not simply mean representation but it denotes the spirit of stake holding in the governance. It is the phenomenon through which people identify them with the process as their own with only little help from the enablers and facilitators.
So, the role of citizens as participants in development is emphasized. David Korten, who has worked at the grass roots level among the poor people has mentioned that there are two approaches to development. Korten strongly opposes the growth oriented ideology of development as it is perpetuating the misery of people.
He advocates people centered development which stresses on economic justice, inclusive development and the environmental sustainability. Community based participative development has been stressed by a wide spectrum of schools of thought like free market, rolling back the state advocates of New Right etc. Some organizations may act in specific areas like health, education, culture etc. For dynamic topics like Civil Society, Right to Information, Citizen Charters keep an eye on international and national developments.
Quote them heavily in your answers. Use small case studies if possible. Comparative Public Administration; 7. It is a small book and covers the topic exhaustively. You can be assured of answering even the most twisted questions on CPA. Even though he covers CPA in a fragmented manner, it covers the topic thoroughly. Development administration is covered better in Polianaidu. Try to use cross-cultural examples heavily in answers. Pakistan is an unbalanced polity with military at the helm of affairs in major policy matters; but India is a balanced polity where all organs of the government get their due share in policy making.
Personnel Administration: Sharma and Sadana should be referred. There will be various modules that cover the same topic in BA and MA modules. Techniques of Administrative Improvement: There is no single good source. Mohit Bhattacharya covers in a scanty manner, nevertheless go through it once. You will need to rely on the internet mostly. Questions from these topics do not carry much weightage. Both can be covered from Sharma and Sadana and current events in India. A lot of questions are being asked from this area. Prepare it well.
Try making consolidated notes of both theoretical financial administration and Indian financial management. Strategy for Paper-2 We need not pinpoint different books for different topics here because you only need to refer three sources: Indian Administration by Rajni Goyal and Ramesh Arora — entire book. The book covers almost all topics exhaustively Second ARC reports cover the rest of the issues.
These are very high quality reports. Its recommendations should be used heavily in your Paper-2 answers. Also try to make short notes. Newspapers are the best source. The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint editorials frequently comment on administrative matters. Also note down any new policies, plans, committees etc. Make issue-wise notes. Questions from current issues have a very high weightage.
Do not ignore these at any cost. You need not refer to IJPA journals. Even if you refer them where will you use the content in your answers? You only need a graduate plus level of understanding here. Ability to substantiate your argument with facts, evidence, and committee reports etc.
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Paper — 1. Leadership Chief Executive Line Agencies Staff and Auxiliary Agencies Budgeting Accountability Citizen and Administration Organisational Effectiveness Development Administration Concept and Meaning 2. Scope and Significance 3. Evolution 4.
Growth of Development Administration 5. Indias Socio-economjc Profile at Independence 6. Mixed Economy Model and hs Rationale and Significance 7. Role of Planning 8. Goals of Development 9. Planning Commission and National Development Council State Planning Machinery District Planning Grass Roots Planning.
Role of Bureaucracy Colonial Heritage of Indian Bureaucracy Social Background of Indian Bureaucracy Neutral vs Committed Bureaucracy Bureaucrats and Politicians and their Relationship Enhancing Bureaucratic Capability Concept of Democratic Decentralisation Evolution and Role of Panchayati Raj Emerging Patterns of Panchayati Raj Problems and Prospects of Panchayati Raj Role of Voluntary Agencies Co-operatives and Development Specialised Agencies for Development Evolution and Expansion of Public Sector Forms of Public Enterprise Role of Development Corporations Concept, Nature and Scope of Personnel Administration 2.
Functions and Significance of Personnel Administration 3. Public Services and their Role in Administrative System 4. Characteristics of Public Personnel Administration in India 5. Civil Service in the Context of Modern Bureaucracy 6. Bases of Bureaucracy 7. Development of Public Services in India 8. Classification of Services Cadres 9. Generalists and Specialists Central and State Training Institutes Administrative Tribunals Career Planning and Development Personnel Policy Recruitment Reservation in Services Promotion Training Performance Appraisal Conduct and Discipline Administrative Ethics and Integrity in Civil Services Employee Unions Joint Consultative Machinery Rights Of Public Servants.
Public Policy Meaning And Nature 2. Policy Cycle Constraints in Policy Making 3. Contextual Setting of Public Policy Making 4.
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Emerging Discipline of Policy Sciences 6. Inter-Govermental Relations 7. Role of Political Executive 8. Role of Bureaucracy. Role of Legislature Role of judiciary Interaction Amongst Various Organs Interest Groups and Policy-Making Political Parties and Policy- Making Mass Media Socail Movements International Agencies Role of Non-governmental Agencies in Policy Implementation Policy Implementation Problems Land Reforms Anti-poverty Programmes Industrial Policy Panchayati Raj Rural Development Policy Impact and Evaluation Nature of State 2.
Relationship among State, Society and Public Administration 3. Changing Role of the State- Issues and Challenges 4. Liberal and Marxist Perspective of the State 5.
Neo-liberal Perspective 6. Gandhian Perspective 7.
Interface between Citizens and Administration 8. Democratic Peoples Struggle- Case Studies 9. Changing Nature of Indian State Role of Bureaucracy in Policy Formulation, Implementation and. Contemporary Context of Indian Bureaucracy Impact of Globalisation on Administration Challenges to Traditional Bureaucratic Paradigm Concept of Good Governance Governmental Institutions- Towards Reforms Growing Role of Civil Society Organisations Redefinition of Conflict Resolution Strategic Human Resource Management 3. Human Resource Planning and Strategy 4. Job Analysis and Job Design 5.
Recruitment, Selection, Appointment and Promotion 6. Performance Appraisal 7. Remuneration and Salary System 8. Rewards and Incentive Management 9. Employee Benefits Training and Development Redeployment and Reskilling Learning and Development. Management Development Employee Capacity Building Strategies Total Quality Management Employee Health and Safety Human Resource Management and Employment Involvement Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations Discipline and Grievances Assessing Human Resource Management Effectiveness Human Resource Audit Managing Change at the Work Place Understanding Public Policy 2.
The Policy Cycle 3. Models of Public Policy 4. Importance of Public Policy- Contemporary Context 5. Policy Sciences 6. Role of International Agencies in Policy-Making Constraints in Public Policy Formulation Public Policy- Implementation System and Models Role of Various Agencies in Policy Implementation Monitoring of Public Policy-I Monitoring of Public Policy-II Understanding Policy Evaluation Ascertaining Policy Impact Policy Analysis Policy Analysis- Methods and Techniques-I Policy Analysis- Optimisation Studies E-Governance- Concept and Significance 2.
Information and Communication Technology- Concept and Components 3. ICTs- Roles and Applications 4.
Role of ICT in Administration 5. E-Commerce ICT in Indian Railways National Movement 2. Development Models 3. Constitution And Social Transformation 4.
Diversity 5. Political Economy 7. Economy-Structure And Growth 8. Legislature 9. Bureaucracy, Police, Army Judiciary Federalism Self Government Political Parties Workers And Peasents Media Interest Groups Caste, Regligion, Language Civil Society Human Development