International journal of engineering science, Connect the dots! It originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century C. While some regions welcomed the new faith, others resisted. Prior to C. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Show More. These along with many other factors forced such leaders as, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, to take action in bringing about a separate Muslim nation. In an article from the official website of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a quote was written about Jinnah which summarizes his many roles: He was one of the greatest legal luminaries India had produced during the first half of the century, an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity, a great constitutionalist, a distinguished parliamentarian, a top-notch politician, an indefatigable freedom-fighter, a dynamic Muslim leader, a political strategist and, above all one of the great nation-builders of modern times 1.
Jinnah provided political leadership to the Indian Muslims when no one else would and he took their hopes and wishes and formulated them into demands that would eventually bring about the formation of a new nation. Jinnah entered into politics in by joining the. Essay Pakistan 's Secular Vision Of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah viewed Pakistan to become a democratic nation where all religious minorities would be tolerated, the state would be socially progressive and constitutionally modern.
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Jinnah also held the same view. At that time, his role model was Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah facts for kids
He was an active member of the Council. The leaders had supported the Great Britain thinking that after the war, Great Britain would grant India political freedom. Muslims had formed the League in In , Jinnah became a member of the Muslim League. In , he became the president of the Muslim League. The agreement tried to present a united front to the British for giving India self-government dominion status in the British Empire. This was similar to the dominion status which Canada, New Zealand and Australia had at that time. In , Jinnah married again. His second wife was Rattanbai Petit.
She was twenty-four years younger than him. Many Parsis and Muslims did not like marriage between persons of two religions. The couple resided in Bombay now Mumbai and frequently travelled to Europe. In , his wife bore a daughter who was named Dina.
By , Mohandas Gandhi had become one of the leaders of the Congress Party. Gandhi took a line of non-violent protest for gaining self-government for India.
Jinnah took a different line. He wanted constitutional struggle to gain the self-government for India. Gradually, many differences between them had arisen. In , Jinnah left the Congress party.
He became the president of the Muslim League. At this time, Jinnah brought out a program to reduce the differences between the Congress Party and the Muslim League. The program had fourteen points of action. But the Congress party did not accept these. His focus upon politics had led to tensions in Jinnah's marriage.
The couple separated in and after a serious illness Rattanbai died. Around that time, there was a conference of Indian leaders with the government of Great Britain. It was held in London and is known as the Round Table Conference. Jinnah criticized the policy of Gandhi. The conference failed. Jinnah was also not happy with the Muslim League. He decided to quit politics. He again started to work as a lawyer in England. She also became a close adviser to him. The daughter married Neville Wadia, a Parasi who had converted to Christianity. Jinnah did not like this marriage, but continued to correspond with his daughter.
The leaders of the Muslim League wanted him to take charge of the Muslim League. Jinnah agreed to come back to India. In , he left London and returned to India to reorganize the Muslim league again. But he could not revive the stature of the party until after the elections of as the Muslim League won only a few seats.
On October , he agreed with Jinnah's Muslim League joining his strong government. This was called the Jinnah-Sikandar Pact.
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His differences with the Congress Party continued to become bigger. In , some Muslim leaders like Allama Iqbal had argued for a separate country for the Muslim people of India. At last he came to the conclusion that Hindus and Muslims cannot live in a single country. Jinnah also started to have the idea of a separate country for Muslims of India. Jinnah and the Muslim League started work to get such a separate country. They made a plan for this in called the Pakistan Resolution.
This new country was to be named Pakistan. In , Jinnah founded a newspaper, named the Dawn. This newspaper published the views and political thinking of the Muslim League. In , Gandhi held 14 rounds of talks with Jinnah, but they could not come to any conclusion. By this time, the Muslim League had formed governments in some provinces, and had also entered the central government.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
On 16 May , the British announced plan for a united India. One month after, on 16 June , the British announced another plan to partition the British Raj into two countries, one for the Hindus and one for the Muslims. The Congress Party accepted the plan of the 16 May But, on 16 August , Jinnah also announced the Direct Action to achieve independence for Pakistan, a separate country of Muslims of the former British Raj. After several rounds of discussion, the British Raj was partitioned in August into two countries, India and Pakistan.
In , Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan. In an address to the constituent assembly on 11 August , Jinnah told about the future of Pakistan as a secular state. He told this in the following words:. You may belong to any religion caste or creed - that has nothing to do with the business of the state. In due course of time, Hindus will cease to be Hindus and Muslims will cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the state.
Jinnah also took the direct charge of the government. After the partition, large scale violence between Muslims and the Hindus took place. Such violence was very serious in Punjab and Bengal.